Internal Share Purchases by Private Companies: Legality and Considerations

Jun 6, 2023 | , , , , , | News

Private companies often seek avenues to acquire their own shares, which can be motivated by various factors such as consolidation of ownership, capital restructuring, or strategic decision-making. One method employed by private companies is purchasing their own shares using loaned monies from the company itself. This article aims to explore the legality and key considerations surrounding internal share purchases by private companies.

Private Company Shares

Legal Framework

The legal framework governing internal share purchases varies across jurisdictions. While this article provides a general overview, it is essential to consult with legal professionals familiar with the specific jurisdiction in which the private company operates.


Corporate Law Considerations

Internal share purchases generally fall under the purview of corporate law, which outlines the powers and limitations of a company. It is crucial to review the applicable corporate law provisions to ascertain whether internal share purchases are permitted. Common issues addressed in corporate law include: 

  • Directors’ and Shareholders’ Approval: Companies may require directors’ and shareholders’ approval to authorize internal share purchases. Compliance with corporate governance procedures ensures transparency and protects the interests of shareholders. 
  • Capital Maintenance Rules: Internal share purchases may be subject to capital maintenance rules that aim to protect creditors and maintain the integrity of the company’s capital. These rules often limit the sources from which a company can finance share purchases.


Financing Considerations

Internal share purchases using loaned monies involve financial transactions that require careful consideration to ensure compliance with relevant laws and regulations. Some key aspects to consider are: 

  • Loan Agreements: Formal loan agreements should be executed, clearly outlining the terms and conditions of the loan, including interest rates, repayment terms, and any associated securities or guarantees. These agreements help establish a legal framework for the transaction and protect the interests of all parties involved. 
  • Financial Assistance Rules: Many jurisdictions have financial assistance rules that restrict a company from providing financial assistance for the acquisition of its shares. These rules aim to protect the interests of creditors and maintain the company’s financial stability. Companies must assess the applicability of these rules to internal share purchases. 
  • Solvency and Directors’ Duties: Directors must ensure that the company is solvent before entering into any financial transactions, including internal share purchases. They have a fiduciary duty to act in the best interests of the company and its shareholders. Directors should consider the long-term financial implications and potential impacts on the company’s solvency and financial health.


Disclosure and Reporting Requirements

Internal share purchases may trigger various disclosure and reporting requirements, ensuring transparency and compliance with regulatory obligations. These requirements may include: 

  • Shareholder Notifications: Companies may be required to notify shareholders about internal share purchases. Such notifications provide relevant information and allow shareholders to assess the impact on their ownership interests. 
  • Financial Statements and Reporting: Internal share purchases may impact a company’s financial position and should be appropriately reflected in financial statements and reported as per applicable accounting standards.


Internal share purchases by private companies using loaned monies from the company itself can serve as a useful tool for various strategic and financial purposes. However, companies must navigate the legal landscape carefully to ensure compliance with corporate law, financing regulations, and disclosure requirements. Seeking professional legal and financial advice is paramount to understanding the specific legal framework and intricacies of internal share purchases in the jurisdiction in which the private company operates.

The content does not constitute legal advice, are not intended to be a substitute for legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. Kindly contact us on or 021 556 9864 to speak to one of our attorneys.


Reynhard Carelse

Reynhard Carelse

Reynhard is a founding member of CK, and established the firm during 2005.

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