Striking a Balance: Compelling Third-Party Appointments in South African Tax Matters

Jun 2, 2023 | , , , , | News

In South African tax matters, the appointment of third-party representatives by tax authorities has become a contentious issue. The South African Revenue Service (SARS) has the power to compel third-party appointments to gather information and assist in tax investigations. However, the exercise of this power raises concerns regarding taxpayers’ rights, privacy, and the potential for abuse.

South Africa Tax

This article delves into the complexities surrounding compelling third-party appointments in South African tax matters, analysing the opportunities, challenges, and the need to strike a balance between effective tax administration and protecting taxpayers’ rights.

The Power of Compelling Third-Party Appointments

The power to compel third-party appointments is crucial for enhancing tax compliance and administration in South Africa. It enables tax authorities to access relevant financial and transactional information from third parties, verifying taxpayers’ claims, detecting potential tax evasion, and ensuring fairness in the tax system. By gathering comprehensive information, tax authorities can make informed decisions and ensure that tax obligations are met.

Furthermore, compelling third-party appointments plays a vital role in tackling complex tax evasion schemes. By accessing information from entities or individuals with knowledge of the taxpayer’s affairs, tax authorities can gather evidence and unravel intricate webs of transactions. This power is particularly valuable in combating offshore tax evasion or complex financial structures used to hide income or assets.

Challenges and Concerns

Despite its benefits, the power to compel third-party appointments raises significant challenges and concerns. One of the primary concerns is the potential infringement on taxpayers’ privacy and data protection rights. Safeguards must be in place to protect the privacy of taxpayers and ensure that information is collected and handled in compliance with data protection laws.

Another challenge is the impact on third parties who are compelled to provide information or assist in tax investigations. These entities or individuals may face disruptions and incur costs due to the demands of the tax authorities. Striking a balance between the need for information and the rights of third parties is crucial to avoid undue burden.

Striking a Balance: Safeguards and Best Practices

To address the challenges and strike a balance between effective tax administration and protecting taxpayers’ rights, several safeguards and best practices should be implemented.

Clear and Specific Grounds for Compulsion

Tax authorities should articulate clear and specific grounds for compelling third-party appointments. The reasons for the appointment should be well-defined, demonstrating the necessity and relevance of the information sought. This ensures that the power is not abused and that only relevant parties are involved.

Procedural Safeguards and Judicial Oversight

Robust procedural safeguards and judicial oversight mechanisms are essential to protect taxpayers’ rights and prevent abuse of power. Adequate notice and opportunity to be heard should be provided to the taxpayer before third-party appointments are made. Judicial oversight ensures an impartial assessment of the grounds for the appointment, maintaining checks and balances.

Privacy and Data Protection

Stringent privacy and data protection measures must be in place to safeguard taxpayers’ personal and financial information. Tax authorities should collect only the necessary information directly relevant to the tax investigation and handle it in compliance with data protection laws. Proper security measures should be implemented to protect against unauthorized access or breaches.

Consideration of Third-Party Interests

The rights and interests of third parties should be taken into account when compelling their appointments. Clear communication, transparency, and proportionality are key. Third parties should be informed of the reasons for their involvement, and efforts should be made to minimize disruptions and costs they may incur. 


The power to compel third-party appointments in South African tax matters is a necessary tool for effective tax administration. However, it must be exercised judiciously, with robust safeguards and respect for taxpayers’ privacy and rights.

The content does not constitute legal advice, are not intended to be a substitute for legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. Kindly contact us on or 021 556 9864 to speak to one of our attorneys.


Reynhard Carelse

Reynhard Carelse

Reynhard is a founding member of CK, and established the firm during 2005.

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